Home Health & Fitness Respiratory diseases in children are on the rise: Common causes and preventive measures

Respiratory diseases in children are on the rise: Common causes and preventive measures

Respiratory diseases in children are on the rise: Common causes and preventive measures


Due to China’s unexplained pneumonia outbreak, more children are being admitted to hospitals nationwide as they experience fever as well as lung damage without the typical pneumonia symptoms, including coughing and feeling short of breath. Following this, a comparable outbreak is currently being documented in Ohio, USA, where a significant number of kids have been admitted to hospitals due to an unexplained pneumonia. Read more about the condition known as White Lung Disease here. An unusual pneumonia that strikes kids fast.

Respiratory infections can result from the transmission of viruses like RSV as well as influenza, particularly in places where kids are crammed together like educational institutions or daycare centers. (Image courtesy of Hindustan Times/Sanshit Khanna)

Authorities in Ohio are investigating the root cause of the rise in infections because they do not think it is a respiratory ailment. Experts believe that this might be the outcome of several common viruses attacking simultaneously.

Recent years have seen a rise in pediatric respiratory illnesses, as well as experts believe that a number of factors, including allergies, dietary modifications, as well as the spread of viruses like influenza as well as respiratory syncytial virus, may be to blame for the operation.

“There are a number of reasons why childhood respiratory illnesses are more common. The danger of respiratory illnesses can be raised by environmental factors like indoor allergens, tobacco smoke exposure, and air pollution. Children’s immune systems are further compromised by lifestyle modifications like increasing screen time and decreasing physical activity. Additionally, respiratory infections can result from the transmission of viruses like RSV and influenza, particularly in environments like schools as well as daycare centers for respiratory illnesses “Dr. the Ravi Shekhar has Jha, the director as well as HOD, Pulmonology, also, Fortis Escorts Medical Center, Faridabad states.

Common signs and symptoms of breathing problems in children are shared by Dr. Satish, Consultant within Pulmonology that CARE Hospitals within Hitech City, the city of Hyderabad.

Typical symptoms

  • Coughing: One of the most common symptoms is a severe or ongoing cough.
  • Breathing: whistling noises produced by breathing.
  • Shortness of Breath: Rapid respiration or trouble breathing.
  • Chest discomfort: Children may feel discomfort or tightness in their chests.
  • Sneezing, congestion, poor-quality fever, as well as the typical cold

Overall signs and symptoms

  • Fever:Elevation of body temperature is frequently indicative of infection.
  • Fatigue: heightened exhaustion or low vitality.
  • Loss of Appetite: reduced hunger.
  • Irritation: The interruption could lead kids to grow less cooperative.

Causes of the rise in pediatric respiratory illnesses

According to Dr. Satish, between other things, infections caused by viruses, air pollution, and sedentary lifestyles can cause respiratory diseases in children.

1. The surroundings

  • Air Pollution : High concentrations of indoor pollutants, including ozone as well as particulate matter, can have a negative impact on children’s breathing.
  • Indoor Pollution : Respiratory issues are exacerbated by poor ventilation, secondhand smoke exposure, as well as allergens like mold in the house.

2. Viral Infection

  • Viral Infections: Kids respiratory diseases are primarily caused by respiratory viruses, including rhinovirus, swine flu as well as RSV.

3. Modifications in Lifestyle

  • Reduce physical activity : Sedentary habits may have an impact on a kid’s respiratory health.
  • Nutritional characteristics : Kids who are malnourished may have weakened immune systems, which increases their vulnerability to respiratory illnesses.

4. Immune system development

  • Immature Immune System : Kids are particularly susceptible to infection because their immune systems are still developing while they are still growing.

Common childhood respiratory illnesses

In order to safeguard the health of their kids, parents ought to be conscious of the prevalent respiratory illnesses that are highlighted by Dr. Satish.

1. Inhalation

  • Symptoms : Sneezing coughing, shortness for breath, as well as tightness in the chest are symptoms of asthma.
  • Prevention : It’s critical to manage allergies, keep your home tidy, and recognize as well as stay away from triggers.

2. Bronchiolitis

  • Symptoms : Breathing difficulties, wheezing, as well as coughing are typical symptoms.
  • Prevention : Bronchitis can be avoided with routine hand washing, avoiding spending time with those who are ill, while encouraging breastfeeding.

3. A case of pneumonia

  • Symptoms : The signs of pneumonia include fever, coughing, rapid breathing, as well as chest pain.
  • Prevention : The avoidance of pneumonia involves vaccination, adherence to hygienic practices, and provision of a healthy diet.

4. Croup

  • Symptoms : The Stridor, or a high-pitched noise made while inhaling, as well as a barking coughing are its defining characteristics.
  • Prevention : Prevention strategies such as regularly washing your hands as well as limiting contact with individuals who have respiratory illnesses are crucial.

The way to shield kids from respiratory illnesses

1. Vaccination

  • preventing respiratory illnesses in children requires making sure they receive all advised immunizations which include those for the illness as well as influenza.

2. Hygiene standards

  • Washing your hands frequently lessens the chance of virus transmission, particularly during the flu and cold seasons.

3. Steer clear of smoke exposure.

  • It’s critical to shield kids from secondhand smoke since it can exacerbate respiratory conditions and have negative effects on general health.

4. A long along with healthy life

  • Encouraging healthy eating, drinking plenty of water, and engaging in regular exercise enhances immunity as well as general well-being.

5. Awareness of the Environment

  • It’s crucial to minimize contact to air contaminants and preserve the quality of indoor air through proper ventilation as well as cleanliness.

There are multiple steps involved in avoiding respiratory illnesses in kids.

Amidst an increase in infections, Dr. Ravi Shekhar Jha offers advice on how to keep kids from getting pneumonia along with other respiratory ailments.

1. Coverage : Ensure that children receive every recommended immunization, such as the pneumococcal vaccine, the flu shot, as well as any future vaccinations against respiratory illnesses like RSV, or respiratory

2. Cleanliness : Promote frequent hand washing, particularly right before or right after sneezing or coughing. Instruct kids on appropriate breathing manners, like encompassing one’s nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing.

3. Reduce exposure : Minimize your exposure to air contamination, tobacco smoke, as well as indoor allergens like dander as well as dust mites.

4. Healthy life : Encourage an active way of life by becoming enough sleep, eating a balanced diet, as well as exercising frequently to boost immunity.

5. Avoid close contact : Urge them to stay away from sick people, particularly during the colder months when respiratory illnesses are most prevalent.

6. Clean environment : Maintain a clean as well as ventilated living space to help stop the propagation of bacteria and viruses.

7. Stay informed : Keep yourself updated on health guidance and recommendations regarding particular preventative measures toward prevalent respiratory illnesses that are provided by physicians or public health officials.