Home Health & Fitness 1 billion people suffer from bone and joint diseases; 6 life steps to reduce risk

1 billion people suffer from bone and joint diseases; 6 life steps to reduce risk

1 billion people suffer from bone and joint diseases;  6 life steps to reduce risk


The prevalence of bone and muscle disorders is concerningly rising, and over the next three decades, musculoskeletal disease cases are predicted to more than double. According to a recent study published in The Lancet Rheumatology journal, there will be a 115% increase in joint, muscle, and bone problems in the next thirty years. By 2050, there will likely be over one billion cases of musculoskeletal disorders globally, up from roughly half a billion in 2020. There may be a major post-Covid impact on musculoskeletal health. behind this approximation. (Also read | Study suggests Covid may have had a negative impact on young patients’ bone health.)

A number of factors may be contributing to the rise in bone and joint issues, and altering one’s lifestyle can help prevent or lessen these issues. (Source: Shutterstock)

Numerous factors have been associated with a rise in bones and joint problems; however, certain lifestyle modifications can help prevent or lessen these issues. First and foremost, it’s important to see a doctor as soon as possible and not disregard symptoms like joint pain or trouble moving. Second, for the best possible bone and muscle health, bad posture must be avoided and regular exercise must be done.

Public health requires addressing the impending rise in musculoskeletal disorders. Different lifestyles are prevalent here, and it is important to pay attention to early symptoms like persistent joint pain or restricted mobility. Prevention involves maintaining a healthy weight, improving nutrition, and engaging in regular physical activity. Stressing posture awareness can greatly lower the risk, particularly in sedentary occupations. Joint health can be maintained by doing low-impact exercise and adhering to ergonomic guidelines. pursuing quick symptom relief What is happening is significant. A healthy future can be achieved by increasing awareness of musculoskeletal health and incorporating it into our healthcare system, according to Dr. Prashanth BN, Consultant Orthopedic and Joint Surgeon.

In a time where sitting down and changes in behavior have grown more prevalent, a recent study that has appeared in the The Lancet shocked the world health community. The study estimates that by 2050, over a billion people globally will be affected by joint and muscle diseases. Sedentary lifestyles are a major contributing factor to the rise in bone and joint issues. Desk jobs and extended screen time are examples of modern conveniences that have led to a decline in physical activity. In addition to weakening the muscles, inactivity robs the joints of the movement they require to stay flexible and healthy. The growth of technology-driven entertainment has contributed to this sedentary epidemic by encouraging a lot of people to live sedentary lifestyles, the expert claims. Dr. Kirthi Paladugu is the senior consultant surgeon for joint replacement and arthroscopy at the Hospital of Yashoda in Hyderabad. She is also the clinical director of the hospital and the robotic joint replacement and navigation specialist at FIJR Germany.

The aging of the global population is one of the study’s other key findings. As people live longer, their joints and muscles experience more wear and tear, which promotes the development of conditions like osteoporosis and arthritis. The necessity of taking “steps to deal with challenges related to the aging of the population” is highlighted by these demographic changes, says Dr. Paladugu.

The following are some common causes of bone and joint problems and lifestyle modifications that can help reduce them, according to Dr. Aman Dua, the director of The transplantation and orthopedics at the Fortis Escorts, Okhla Road, New Delhi:

Causes of increased bone and joint problems

1. Sedentary lifestyle: Inactivity can weaken bones and muscles, which can lead to joint issues.

Lifestyle changes: To keep your bones and joints healthy, get regular exercise, especially weight-bearing exercises like walking or strength training.

2. Poor nutrition: Bone loss may result from inadequate consumption of calcium, vitamin D, protein, and other vital nutrients.

Lifestyle changes: Make sure you eat a balanced diet rich in protein, calcium, vitamin D, and other nutrients that are vital for strong bones. If necessary, think about taking supplements.

3. Overweight: Being overweight strains the joints and raises the risk of conditions like osteoarthritis.

Lifestyle changes: Maintain an appropriate weight by combining a well-balanced diet with frequent exercise to help relieve joint stress.

4. Improper posture: Inconsistencies and issues with the spine and joints can be brought on by poor posture.

Lifestyle changes: Maintain proper posture, make use of ergonomic furniture, and engage in core-strengthening exercises.

5. Excessive and repetitive motion: Tendinitis is one of the disorders that can be brought on by overusing some joints or by repetitive activities.

Lifestyle changes: To avoid overuse injuries, take breaks from repetitive tasks, vary your physical activity, and employ the right form.

6. Genetics: Genetic factors can affect a person’s susceptibility to particular conditions affecting the bones and joints.

Lifestyle changes:While there is no way to modify genetic factors, prompt medical intervention can help control and minimize genetic predispositions in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

7. Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption: Consumption in excess must be avoided as this may have a negative impact on bone health.

Lifestyle changes: To maintain the health of your bones and joints, give up smoking, drink in moderation, and lead a healthy lifestyle.

8. Aging: It is an occurrence that occurs naturally and adds to the deterioration of bones and joints.

Lifestyle changes: Put an emphasis on life’s preventive measures, such as consistent exercise, a balanced diet, and upholding a healthy weight.

As an attending orthopedic physician at Yashoda Hospital in Hyderabad, Dr. RA Purnachandra Tejaswi enumerates the primary causes of the rise in bone and joint issues.

1. The primary cause of osteoarthritis diagnoses in the elderly is the rising average life expectancy of individuals in developing nations.

2. Indirectly, more people are being diagnosed with bone and joint issues due to their enthusiasm for a healthy, active lifestyle and their desire to seek therapy.

3. Many household members’ medical insurance has incentivized people to seek treatment under orthopedic surgery.

4. Numerous young people have bone and joint issues as a result of obesity and a sedentary lifestyle.

5. Reduced sunlight and inactivity are two more factors contributing to the rise in joint issues.

6. Sports-related illnesses and joint issues, such as dislocations of the shoulder and ruptured ligaments in the knees and ankles, have increased in correlation with the recent promotion of sports and games in schools and colleges.

How to prevent joint and muscle problems

“It is imperative to implement lifestyle modifications in order to reduce the risks that may arise from an imminent health issue.It is imperative to integrate consistent physical exercise into everyday routines. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is a good way to guard against joint and muscle issues, whether through targeted exercise regimens or easy exercises like stretching and walking. According to Dr. Paladugu, ergonomic work environments can also significantly lessen the strain on the musculoskeletal system, particularly for people who work desk jobs.

Dr. Paladugu stresses the importance of dietary habits for maintaining healthy bones and joints. A well-rounded diet, abundant in calcium and vitamin D, is essential for strengthening bones. Moreover, lifestyle adjustments like decreasing alcohol intake and ceasing smoking can notably enhance musculoskeletal health, as advised by Dr. Paladugu.

To enhance the health of your bones and muscles, Dr. Tejaswi provides a list of lifestyle modifications that you can make.

1. Exercises: Early arthritis is prevented by low-impact exercises like walking in open spaces, still cycling, and swimming.

2. To strengthen the muscles: Joint strengthening can be achieved through appropriate workouts for muscles performed by a qualified professional.

3. Food: Your bones will be strengthened by eating a diet rich in calcium and minerals, as well as by consuming 1.5 cups of fruits, dried fruits, and milk.

4. Shoes: You can redistribute the uneven load on your joint with the aid of good shoes. Specialized shoes are necessary for pathologies like flat feet or congenital foot deformities in order to avoid inconsistent load on the ankle, knees, and hips.

5. Early detection: Birth defects such as scoliosis in the spine and post-traumatic joint deformities should be treated as soon as possible because they can cause arthritis at a young age.

6. Regular monitoring: You can avoid bone and joint issues by keeping open lines of communication with your orthopedic surgeon and receiving quality rehabilitation.